Download e-book for iPad: A Companion to Phenomenology and Existentialism (Blackwell by Hubert L. Dreyfus, Mark A. Wrathall

By Hubert L. Dreyfus, Mark A. Wrathall

ISBN-10: 1405110775

ISBN-13: 9781405110778

A better half to Phenomenology and Existentialism is an entire consultant to 2 of the dominant pursuits of philosophy within the 20th century.* Written through a crew of top students, together with Dagfinn Føllesdal, J. N. Mohanty, Robert Solomon, Jean-Luc Marion* Highlights the realm of overlap among the 2 events* beneficial properties longer essays discussing all of the major faculties of proposal, shorter essays introducing sought after subject matters, and problem-oriented chapters* Organised topically, round strategies equivalent to temporality, intentionality, loss of life and nihilism* gains essays on strange matters, equivalent to medication, the sentiments, synthetic intelligence, and environmental philosophy

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Extra info for A Companion to Phenomenology and Existentialism (Blackwell Companions to Philosophy)

Sample text

The idealism in which the noema plays such a significant role was publicly introduced in Ideas I (1913; cited as Husserl 1982), and this text governed the reception of phenomenology throughout the century. ” The key to this universal scope lies in the phenomenological reduction, which Husserl introduces as a version of the Cartesian strategy of first-person reflection and methodological doubt. This has led many to see Husserl’s phenomenology as a kind of Cartesianism, subject to the same limitations as its historical model.

But, he argued, “this objectivity . . is not a result of the activity of intellectual understanding upon the external world. It is not a result of an activity upon an already given mix of sensations or throng of affections, which are ordered to form a picture of the world” (Heidegger 1985: 71). Instead, Heidegger argues that entities are constituted – allowed to show themselves as they are in themselves – when they have a place in a whole context of relations to other worldly entities and human activities.

Some – for instance, A. D. Smith (Smith 2003) – have understood his references to the “absolute being” of consciousness and the “merely relative” being of worldly things as authorizing a full-blown metaphysical idealism. Others – Dan Zahavi (Zahavi 2003), for instance – argue that while Husserl’s transcendental reduction is not itself a metaphysical position, it does have metaphysical implications. It rules out the kind of representationalism that invites skeptical thing-in-itself doctrines, for example.

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A Companion to Phenomenology and Existentialism (Blackwell Companions to Philosophy) by Hubert L. Dreyfus, Mark A. Wrathall

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