New PDF release: A Decade of Reform: Science & Technology Policy in China

By International Development Research Centre

ISBN-10: 0889368155

ISBN-13: 9780889368156

Ebook through overseas improvement study Centre

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Extra info for A Decade of Reform: Science & Technology Policy in China

Sample text

We were impressed with the extent to which this legacy is recognized in China today and by the steps that are being taken to remedy it. The measures mainly call for retirement of older scientists; transfer of others from research to routine activities; some retraining of middleaged scientists; and special inducements, rewards, and early promotions for younger and middle-aged scientists with expertise. There also seems to be a long-term view on the brain drain. When the open-door policy was introduced, many Chinese scientists were sent overseas for further education and training.

These models recognise that there can be both long-term and short-term outcomes of the innovation process and that different technologies induce different patterns of innovation and diffusion, including new interdisciplinary groupings. The [so-called] fifth-generation innovation process [Figure 3] identifies the need for firms to be systematically innovative in all of their activities. This includes their linkages with customers, suppliers, information sources, research providers and all the various parts of their networks.

NNSF is a completely new and independent organization; the other organizations are special components of existing institutes or universities. In addition, SSTC has recently begun to plan a new set of at least 10 national research centres (to be established under the Ninth Five-Year Plan) that appear to come in at least three different organizational forms (described in Chapter 3): – The geographically distributed network; – The consortium in a common location; and – The new centre in new facilities.

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A Decade of Reform: Science & Technology Policy in China by International Development Research Centre


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