By Luciano Canepari
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Additional resources for A Handbook of Pronunciation
We have followed this approach in é 2-13, where we have also indicated the corresponding results and presented them in easy reference form in the consonant tables. 3. ≈nally, several fundamental observations should be made on the topic of transcriptions carried out by hand. It is important to draw every symbol (and every diacritical marking) exactly as it is printed in this manual (where we employ the elegant Simoncini Garamond character set, in our personal version called ßimon¸ani). It is necessary to be very careful not to confuse one symbol with another one which is similar to it, but –obviously– not exactly the same and with a di‡erent value.
4. 2-3 of the HPh). 29-31). If the endpoint is an unrounded vowel, nothing is added; instead, with rounded vowels, a minuscule black dot is placed at the end of the line. If the endpoint is half-rounded, the marker at the end is a diamond÷ this marker is thus analogous to the normal-sized marker that would be used for a half-rounded ﬁrst element ($). Meanwhile, the phonemic and phonetic transcriptions completing the information provided are placed around the vocogram. 29. Diphthongs (occurring stressed and unstressed).
Is use is consistent with marking primary stress with ('). çUnstressedÇ phono-syllables (or better, weakly-stressed – ¤, weaker than half-stressed syllables) with mid level pitch are not marked in any particular way. On the other hand, in tone languages, syllables with mid pitch and weak stress are preceded by a dot placed at medium height, (2). 1. In the HPr, there is no doubt that a great number of symbols is used. However, these symbols are not superﬂuous for those who desire to do phonetics thoroughly (and not merely çeasilyÇ, and inevitably superﬁcially).
A Handbook of Pronunciation by Luciano Canepari