By Dorothy McBride Stetson
Containing the result of a cross-national examine venture on abortion politics in 11 democratic states (between the Nineteen Sixties and 2000), this quantity marks significant growth in abortion learn. It develops a accomplished examine layout to ascertain even if women's coverage companies (institutional teams meant to enhance the prestige of ladies) have functioned as precious and potent allies of women's routine. It explores their efforts to achieve entry to energy arenas and safe abortion legislation that coincide with feminist pursuits. certainly, those findings represent a rigorous program of comparative technique to evaluate causes from social flow and democratic concept bearing on diversifications in nation feminism and stream good fortune.
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Additional info for Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism (Gender and Politics)
The party elite, including the chairwoman of the women's organization, who was the only female minister at the time, merely wanted a reform that would expand the grounds for legal abortion, not remove the prohibition altogether. The party elite was reluctant to back abortion on demand without limitation and risk an open conflict with the Catholic Church that could result in a loss of votes. * Policy outcome Confronted with an unexpectedly fierce conflict, the party leaders finally supported the proposal of the women's organization for abortion without limits in the first trimester, which was considered a compromise between those who wanted complete decriminalization and those who sought to keep many AUSTRIA * 24 restrictions.
Gendering, especially of questions of sexuality, was also central to most Catholic challengers. They emphasized the effect of liberalizing abortion on women's morality. Their main argument was that fear of unwanted pregnancy restricted women's sexual behaviour. Thus, women were portrayed as having little control over their sexual desire and using abortion on demand as a means of birth control. Despite the efforts of the Catholic hierarchy, the dominant frame for this second policy debate remained one of social justice linked to the women's right to choose versus protecting the right to life of the fetus.
4 At the time of the first debate the leader, who was politically socialized in the inter-warperiod, was a feminist in the traditional social democratic way, which means linking emancipatory ideals to class-struggle arguments. Focusing on gender was a new concept to the older generation of Social Democratic women, and by the 19705 a generation gap had developed within the women's organization. * Women's movement characteristics The second wave of the women's movement in Austria evolved out of the political left, mostly from organizations within the existing Social Democratic and Communist party structures, in response to the 1970-2 debate on abortion.
Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism (Gender and Politics) by Dorothy McBride Stetson