By M. Rafiqul Islam, S.H. Mousavizadegan, S. Mustafiz, Jamal H. Abou?Kassem(auth.)
Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulation
upload precision and straightforwardness to the method of reservoir simulation. until eventually simulation software program and different tools of reservoir characterization have been constructed, engineers needed to drill a variety of wells to discover the way to extract crude oil and normal fuel. this present day, regardless of hugely refined reservoir simulations software program on hand, reservoir simulation nonetheless comprises loads of guesswork. Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulation presents a complicated method of petroleum reservoir simulation, taking the guesswork out of the method and depending extra completely on technology and what's recognized in regards to the person reservoir.
This cutting-edge booklet in petroleum simulation:
Describes resolution ideas that let a number of recommendations to the total equations, with out linearization.
Solves the main tricky reservoir engineering difficulties akin to viscous fingering.
Highlights the significance of non-linear solvers on determination tree with medical argument.
Discusses answer schemes with regards to different disciplines and revolutionizes possibility research and selection making.
contains better half software program with 3-D, 3-phase multipurpose simulator code on hand for obtain from www.scrivenerpublishing.com.
via supplying a worthwhile software to aid reservoir simulation predictions with genuine technology, this e-book is a necessary reference for engineers, scientists and geologists.
Chapter 1 Reservoir Simulation historical past (pages 1–30):
Chapter 2 Reservoir Simulator?input/output (pages 31–81):
Chapter three Reservoir Simulators: difficulties, Shortcomings, and a few answer suggestions (pages 83–114):
Chapter four Mathematical formula of Reservoir Simulation difficulties (pages 115–153):
Chapter five The Compositional Simulator utilizing the Engineering process (pages 155–244):
Chapter 6 A complete fabric stability Equation for Oil restoration (pages 245–276):
Chapter 7 Modeling Viscous Fingering in the course of Miscible Displacement in a Reservoir (pages 277–337):
Chapter eight in the direction of Modeling wisdom and Sustainable Petroleum creation (pages 339–419):
Chapter nine ultimate Conclusions (pages 421–422):
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Extra resources for Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulations
However, modeling viscous fingering remains a formidable task. Only recently, researchers from Shell have attempted to model viscous fingering with the chaos theory. Islam (1993) has reported in a series of publications that periodic and even chaotic flow can be captured properly by solving the governing partial differential equations with improved accuracy (Δχ4, At2). This needs to be RESERVOIR SIMULATION BACKGROUND 21 demonstrated for viscous fingering. The tracking of chaos (and hence viscous fingering) in a miscible displacement system can be further enhanced by studying phenomena that onset fingering in a reservoir.
This coupling will allow one to use drilling data to develop input data for the simulator with high resolution. Availability and use of a sophisticated compositional 3-D reservoir simulator will pave the R E S E R V O I R S I M U L A T I O N BACKGROUND 25 way to developing real-time reservoir modeling - a sought after goal in the petroleum industry for some time. 4 Virtual Reality (VR) Applications In the first phase, the coupling of an existing compositional, geomechanical simulator with the VR machine is required.
Therefore, a higher order approximation will eliminate the need of same number of measurements or discrete points. RESERVOIR SIMULATION BACKGROUND 11 It might maintain the same level of accuracy; however, less information at discrete points might be risky as well. 3. The solutions of the finite difference equations are obtained only at the discrete points. These discrete points are defined either according to block-centered or point distributed grid system. However, the boundary condition, to be specific, the constant pressure boundary, may appear important in selecting the grid system with inherent restrictions and higher order approximations.
Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulations by M. Rafiqul Islam, S.H. Mousavizadegan, S. Mustafiz, Jamal H. Abou?Kassem(auth.)