By Jamie Monson
The TAZARA (Tanzania Zambia Railway Authority), or Freedom Railway, from Dar es Salaam at the Tanzanian coast to the Copperbelt area of Zambia used to be instrumental in fostering the most sweeping improvement transitions in post-colonial Africa. outfitted in the course of the top of the chilly warfare, the railway used to be meant to redirect the mineral wealth of the internal clear of routes via South Africa and Rhodesia. Rebuffed through Western relief companies, newly self sustaining Tanzania and Zambia accredited support from China to build what could develop into certainly one of Africa's most important transportation corridors. The e-book follows the railroad from layout and development to its day-by-day use as an essential capability for relocating villagers and items. It tells a narrative of the way transnational pursuits contributed to environmental swap, inhabitants routine, and the increase of neighborhood and nearby firm.
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Extra resources for Africa's Freedom Railway: How a Chinese Development Project Changed Lives and Livelihoods in Tanzania
The two initial railway surveys that were carried out in 1963–64—one by the World Bank and the other by the United Nations—concluded that the proposed rail link would be neither economically feasible nor sustainable. The World Bank survey 16 Freedom Railway isolated economic considerations from the overall political context, concluding that the existing Rhodesian Railways line to the south still had plenty of spare capacity to handle Zambia’s copper exports. The World Bank report and its supporters implied that Nyerere and Kaunda had a political approach to railway development, while the approach of the World Bank and other western donors was based on rational economic decision-making.
This was certainly true in the case of TAZARA. These early debates also obscured the continuities between colonial and postcolonial transportation projects in East Africa. The construction of a southern railway in Tanzania—a link that would connect the port cities of the Indian Ocean with the shores of Lake Nyasa and beyond—had been envisioned from the very beginnings of European exploration in the region. From the German expedition leaders of the 1890s to the heads of independent East African states in the 1960s, a progression of public figures had put forward their visions for a southern East African railway link.
Published estimates range from 15,000 to 50,000 for the overall number of Chinese workers; this discrepancy reflects the difficulty in obtaining precise statistics as well as some confusion over the length of time of Chinese technical assistance being measured. There have also been political reasons for adjusting the numbers of Chinese workers: media reports hostile to the project may have exaggerated the numbers of Chinese present in East Africa at the time, while the Chinese and African governments tended to be secretive about them for security reasons.
Africa's Freedom Railway: How a Chinese Development Project Changed Lives and Livelihoods in Tanzania by Jamie Monson