By Arild Angelsen, David Kaimowitz
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This booklet has been built from a workshop on Technological swap in agriculture and tropical deforestation organised via the heart for foreign Forestry study and held in Costa Rica in March, 1999. It explores how intensification of agriculture impacts tropical deforestation utilizing case reports from diverse nation-states, utilizing assorted agricultural items and applied sciences and in differing demographic events and industry stipulations. information is additionally given on destiny agricultural examine and extension efforts.
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Extra info for Agricultural Technologies and Tropical Deforestation
1989). 10 This analysis makes a few simplifying assumptions. There are no migration costs. Marginal income equals average income. No one is unemployed, nor do they prefer to live in a particular region for non-monetary reasons. g. Stark, 1991). vp A4003:AMA:Angelsen:First Revise:13-Mar-01 13 March 2001 09:54:42 2 Color profile: Disabled Composite Default screen 34 Arild Angelsen et al. References Angelsen, A. (1999a) Agricultural expansion and deforestation: modelling the impact of population, market forces and property rights.
Contrary to the Malthusians’ expectations, population growth and forest expansion have gone hand in hand in these countries for several hundred years. This suggests that, as Boserup predicted, farmers responded to increased population pressure by intensifying their agricultural systems. As the following case-studies make clear, various types of stress coincided with the forest transition and favoured the emergence of new paradigms of resource management, including new technological paradigms for agriculture.
If one takes into account the dynamic interactions between the two sectors, one can obtain rather different results. Technological progress in the intensive sector can serve as a source of capital that farmers use to expand the extensive sector. In other words, increased profits in intensive agriculture can relax the capital constraint and allow farmers to invest more in activities involving forest clearing (see Ruf, Chapter 16, this volume). Including these dynamic interactions also leads to ambiguous results with regard to the impact of off-farm income opportunities.
Agricultural Technologies and Tropical Deforestation by Arild Angelsen, David Kaimowitz