Read e-book online Arithmetic and Ontology: A Non-Realist Philosophy of PDF

By Philip Hugley, Charles Sayward

ISBN-10: 9042020474

ISBN-13: 9789042020474

This quantity files a full of life trade among 5 philosophers of arithmetic. It additionally introduces a brand new voice in a single crucial debate within the philosophy of arithmetic. Non-realism, i.e., the view supported through Hugly and Sayward of their monograph, is an unique place designated from the commonly recognized realism and anti-realism. Non-realism is characterised via the rejection of a important assumption shared via many realists and anti-realists, i.e., the idea that mathematical statements purport to consult items. The safeguard in their major argument for the thesis that mathematics lacks ontology brings the authors to debate additionally the arguable distinction among natural and empirical arithmetical discourse. Colin Cheyne, Sanford Shieh, and Jean Paul Van Bendegem, each one coming from a unique point of view, attempt the real originality of non-realism and lift objections to it. Novel interpretations of famous arguments, e.g., the indispensability argument, and ancient perspectives, e.g. Frege, are interwoven with the improvement of the authors’ account. The dialogue of the usually overlooked perspectives of Wittgenstein and earlier supply an attractive and masses wanted contribution to the present debate within the philosophy of arithmetic. Contents Acknowledgments Editor’s advent Philip HUGLY and Charles SAYWARD: mathematics and Ontology a Non-Realist Philosophy of mathematics Preface Analytical desk of Contents bankruptcy 1. creation half One: starting with Frege bankruptcy 2. Notes to Grundlagen bankruptcy three. Objectivism and Realism in Frege’s Philosophy of mathematics half : mathematics and Non-Realism bankruptcy four. The Peano Axioms bankruptcy five. lifestyles, quantity, and Realism half 3: Necessity and principles bankruptcy 6. mathematics and Necessity bankruptcy 7. mathematics and principles half 4: the 3 Theses bankruptcy eight. Thesis One bankruptcy nine. Thesis bankruptcy 10. Thesis 3 References Commentaries Colin Cheyne, Numbers, Reference, and Abstraction Sanford Shieh, what's Non-Realism approximately mathematics? Jean Paul Van Bendegem, Non-Realism, Nominalism and Strict Fi-nitism. The Sheer Complexity of all of it Replies to Commentaries Philip Hugly and Charles Sayward, Replies to Commentaries in regards to the individuals Index

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Extra resources for Arithmetic and Ontology: A Non-Realist Philosophy of Arithmetic

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We start with an assertion that is almost self-evident: THEOREM 5. A set which is equivalent t o a finite (infinite)set, is again finite (infinite). Proof. The proof based on definition \'I is left to the reader. We shall base our proof on definition V I I a,nd show that a set T which is equivalent t o a reflexive set X, is again reflexive. S being reflexive, a proper subset of it, S ' , exists such that X 8'. Since T - S , there exists a representation 9 between T and 8, to which we shall keep.

We saw that these sets differ from each other only with regard to the nature of their elements; their elements can be related to (attached t o ; paired with) each This condition is really superfluous. For those elements of A which l) are not sets, are automatically eliminated by the formation of the sum-set, since they do not contain any elements. Nevertheless, the condition may psychologically facilitate the understanding of the concept sum-set. z, I n the sequence mentioned in definition 111, the same set may, of course, appear several times.

Arrange the fractions corresponding to a definite value of s in the order mentioned before, and put them after the fractions corresponding to smaller values of s. Finally, in order to include rationals other than positive, put O / l = 0 (corresponding to s = 1) a t the beginning of the entire sequence, and let every fraction mjn be followed by the negative fraction - m/n. Thus we obtain a sequence of different rational numbers I) beginning with 1 1 1 2 2 1 0; 7’ - i ; 7, - 7 , 2, 5 -5 1 1’ 1’ 5’ 1 6 6 5 .

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Arithmetic and Ontology: A Non-Realist Philosophy of Arithmetic by Philip Hugley, Charles Sayward

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