By Kui-Jae Lee, Byung-Taek Oh (auth.), Dinesh K. Maheshwari (eds.)
The way forward for agriculture tremendously depends upon our skill to reinforce productiveness with no sacrificing long term construction strength. the applying of microorganisms, reminiscent of the various bacterial species of plant development selling micro organism (PGPB), represents an ecologically and economically sustainable technique. using those bio-resources for the enhancement of crop productiveness is gaining significance worldwide.
"Bacteria in Agrobiology: ailment Management" discusses quite a few facets of organic keep an eye on and disorder suppression utilizing micro organism. subject matters coated contain: fluorescent pseudomonads; siderophore-producing PGPR; pseudomonas inoculants; bacillus-based biocontrol brokers; bacterial regulate of root and tuber crop illnesses; fungal pathogens of cereals; soil-borne fungal pathogens; peronosporomycete phytopathogens; and plant parasitic nematodes.
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Appl Environ Microbiol 61:1720–1726 2 Bacteria for Plant Growth Promotion and Disease Management 37 Chernin L, Brandis A, Ismailov Z, Chet I (1996) Pyrrolnitrin production by an Enterobacter agglomerans strain with a broad spectrum of antagonistic activity towards fungal and bacterial phytopathogens. Curr Microbiol 32:208–212 Chernin LS, Fuente LDL, Sobolov V, Haran S, Vorgias CE, Oppenheim AB, Chet I (1997) Molecular cloning, structural analysis, and expression in Escherichia coli of a chitinase gene from Enterobacter agglomerans.
From eight strains shown to be strong P. ultimum antagonists, only one (strain WYEC 107) significantly enhanced lettuce growth in the absence of Pythium ultimum in glasshouse pot studies over a 20-day experiment (Crawford et al. 1993). However another isolated antagonistic strain to P. ultimum, Streptomyces lydicus strain WYEC 108, with demonstrated PGPR effect in carrots and beets in the absence of fungal pathogen stress (Hamby 2001) had shown in another work an increase in average plant stand, plant length, and plant weight of pea and cotton seedlings grown in either Pytium ultimum-infested sterile or non-sterile soils (Yuan and Crawford 1995).
Merriman et al. (1974) reported the use of the PGP Streptomyces griseus isolate with biocontrol abilities toward R. solani in carrot. Antagonistic Streptomycetes were also used to promote the growth of coniferous plants. In Brazil, one Streptomyces isolate genetically close to Streptomyces kasugaensis able to inhibit the 2 Bacteria for Plant Growth Promotion and Disease Management 25 growth of Fusarium and Armillaria pine rot showed also plant promotion in growth of Pinus taeda seedlings under greenhouse experiment (de Vasconcellos and Cardoso 2009).
Bacteria in Agrobiology: Disease Management by Kui-Jae Lee, Byung-Taek Oh (auth.), Dinesh K. Maheshwari (eds.)