By Rob Peters (auth.)
` an extraordinary publication mendacity on the interface among ecology and palaeoecology that merits a spot within the forests part of your library.'
The Holocene, 8:4 (1998)
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Additional resources for Beech Forests
The ranges had their northernmost extension during the warmer early Tertiary, and they were split and displaced to the south during the cooler and dryer late Tertiary. Beeches spread north during the Pleistocene Interglacials, and retreated south at the onset of the Glaciations. Woody sprecies differed in their migration rates, and, in Europe, Fagus and Abies had the lowest rates of migration. The spread of beeches after the last Pleistocene Glaciation is strongly affected by human interference in Europe, and, to a lesser extent, in Japan and China.
Am. Eur. China Japan x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x likely for all Angiosperm families. According to Tiffney (l985a) southeastern Asia was not the evolutionary source of the Angiosperms, but the present-day species richness should be seen as the result of the area being a great refugium when conditions became unfavorable in the north. As temperatures dropped at high latitudes tree species gradually migrated south (Chaney, 1940).
In southern Japan, ancestors of Fagus species: 1. Fagus grandifolia group with narrow japonica, Fagus hayatae and Fagus longipetiolata leaves and many veins (F. grandifolia, F. japonica, occurred during the Upper Miocene, and Fagus F. engleriana), 2. Fagus sylvatica group with wider crenata and Fagus hayatae during the Pliocene leaves and fewer veins (F. sylvatica, F. crenata, F. (Shen, 1992). During the Tertiary, ancestors of hayatae). Intermediate between these groups are F. today's species had wider ranges and, probably, colongipetiolata and F.
Beech Forests by Rob Peters (auth.)