By Sarah Franklin
Thirty-five years after its preliminary good fortune as a sort of technologically assisted human copy, and 5 million miracle infants later, in vitro fertilization (IVF) has develop into a regimen strategy world wide. In organic relations, Sarah Franklin explores how the normalization of IVF has replaced how either expertise and biology are understood. Drawing on anthropology, feminist concept, and technology stories, Franklin charts the evolution of IVF from an experimental study procedure right into a worldwide technological platform used for a wide selection of functions, together with genetic prognosis, farm animals breeding, cloning, and stem phone learn. She contends that regardless of its ubiquity, IVF is still a hugely paradoxical expertise that confirms the relative and contingent nature of biology whereas developing new organic family members. utilizing IVF as a lens, Franklin provides a daring and lucid thesis linking applied sciences of gender and intercourse to reproductive biomedicine, modern bioinnovation, and the way forward for kinship.
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Additional info for Biological Relatives: IVF, Stem Cells, and the Future of Kinship (Experimental Futures)
One reason it is no longer possible to envisage reproduction as “mere biology” is because if matters were so simple ivf would not be necessary. 1 This is another way to describe the transformation in meanings and perceptions of the biological that ivf models as a “working up” of biological substance, and thus as both a tool-sign, and a “culture medium,” manifest as a new technology of sex. In vitro fertilization is one of the most prominent and highly publicized examples of how biology has become increasingly technologized through two processes that are essentially interlinked.
The emphasis on close readings of key texts throughout this book is also a reproductive technology of sorts, manifesting the premise that reproduction is never an exact process, and that repetition is itself a generative mechanism. The pluricentric thought experiment that grounds this project is reflected in this book’s format, which is more like a series of essays than a traditional (or even untraditional) ethnographic monograph. As noted in the afterword, a subtheme of the generative relations interconnecting practices of rereading and re-producing permeates much of the argument presented here, at the level of both substance and style.
In fact, ivf is not at all like regular conception—as anyone who has undergone it can confirm. This part of the condition of being after ivf—the way in which the expression “biology is technology” can be experienced as both familiar and strange—is also a ground state, or social norm, of being after ivf that remains to be fully Miracle Babies 33 characterized. ” In vitro fertilization is the “big example” not only of how this transformation has become more “regular,” but, equally important, how it has not.
Biological Relatives: IVF, Stem Cells, and the Future of Kinship (Experimental Futures) by Sarah Franklin