By Khalid Rehman Hakeem
Biomass received from agricultural residues or woodland can be utilized to supply varied fabrics and bioenergy required in a contemporary society. compared to different assets on hand, biomass is likely one of the commonest and common assets on the earth. hence, biomass has the aptitude to supply a renewable strength resource, either in the community and throughout huge components of the realm. it truly is expected that the full funding within the biomass zone among 2008 and 2021 will achieve the massive sum of $104 billion. shortly bioenergy is an important renewable strength choice and should stay so the close to and medium-term destiny. formerly a number of nations attempt to discover the usage of biomass in bioenergy and composite zone. Biomass has the capability to turn into the world’s greatest and so much sustainable strength resource and may be a great deal well-liked. Bioenergy is predicated on assets that may be applied on a sustainable foundation all over the international and will hence function an efficient alternative for the supply of power companies. moreover, the advantages amassed transcend power provision, growing specified possibilities for local improvement. the current booklet will offer an up to date account of non-wood, woodland residues, agricultural biomass (natural fibers), and effort vegetation including processing, homes and its functions to make sure biomass usage and reuse. All points of biomass and bioenergy and their houses and purposes should be severely re-examined. The publication includes 3 sections, featuring Non wooden and woodland items from forestry, arboriculture actions or from wooden processing, agricultural biomass (natural fibers) from agricultural harvesting or processing and at last power vegetation: excessive yield vegetation and grasses grown particularly for power production.
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Additional info for Biomass and Bioenergy: Processing and Properties
5 (continued) Graft copolymerization: Grafting copolymerization can be used to modify the surface of the natural fibers. The cellulose is treated in this process with an aqueous solution containing selected ions and is exposed to a high-energy radiation. After that, cellulose molecules crack and radicals are formed (Bledzki and Gassan 1997; Salem et al. 2008). Afterwards, the radical sites of the cellulose are treated with a suitable solution usually compatible with the polymer matrix type like, vinyl monomer, acrylonitrile, and methyl (Kalia et al.
Several methods of surface modification by physical, chemical, or mechanical means have been investigated to improve the fiber properties and to increase the bond ability as well as the wettability between the cellulosic fibers and the polymer matrix. 5. Several studies had proved the efficiency of such surface treatments on the date palm fibers for different polymer matrices when treated with suitable means of treatments particularly the chemical one (Abdal-hay et al. 2012; Al-Khanbashi et al.
Bamboo is considered to be the second largest resource of forestry in the whole world because of its rapid growth potential. Bamboo forests are distributed extensively in tropical and sub-tropical climates in frigid zones. The area covered by bamboo forestry is estimated to be around 20 million hectares. China is considered to be rich in bamboo resources and there are about 40 families and 400 species of bamboo found 2 Bamboo Fiber Processing, Properties, and Applications 29 only in China. This rich resource of bamboo in China covers an area of about 7 million hectare; 35 % of the area covered by bamboo forests in the whole world (Yao and Zhang 2011).
Biomass and Bioenergy: Processing and Properties by Khalid Rehman Hakeem