By Larry L. Hench, Julian R. Jones
This ebook and choice of illustrated CD lectures summarizes how conserving caliber of existence in an getting older inhabitants is being completed by way of the improvement of distinctiveness biomaterials, units, man made organs, and in vitro progress of human cells as tissue engineered constructs. Following an advent to dwelling and man-made fabrics, the textual content discusses medical functions of biomaterials and units, summarizes the bioengineering rules and fabrics utilized in man made organs, and provides the innovations and purposes of tissue engineering. It concludes with the complicated socio-economic elements all in favour of technology-based healthcare. each one bankruptcy is supplemented with illustrated PowerPoint lectures and learn questions about a CD.
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Extra resources for Biomaterials, artificial organs and tissue engineering
11 Summary This chapter began by introducing the reader to metallic materials and described some of their distinguishing properties due to the nature of the metallic bond. The concept of crystal structure within a metal and the existence of a microstructure within a metallic material was then introduced. The definition and measurement of a wide range of mechanical properties including elastic modulus, yield stress, strength, ductility and toughness, fatigue, hardness and wear was described. The shape memory effect and superelasticity were described and some useful biomedical applications of these effects were discussed.
The chemical structure (configuration and confirmation) also affects the optical properties of the polymer. Polymers have the advantage of being easily processed into complex shapes by methods unique to these materials. Chapter 10 discusses examples of polymers that have been used in biomedical applications. , Textbook of Polymer Science, 3rd edition, New York, Wiley, 1984. , 1993. B. , Biomaterials – An Introduction, New York, Plenum, 1990. J. , An Introduction to Polymers, 2nd edition, London, Chapman and Hall, 1991.
Metals are often chosen for a combination of their strength and toughness (stainless steels, titanium alloys, cobalt alloys, all used in orthopaedic applications), their electrical conductivity and their inert behaviour (gold, platinum) or novel behaviour such as shape memory and superelasticity (Ni–Ti, used in orthodontics, orthopaedics and miniature devices). See Chapter 12 for a summary of composition and properties of alloys used in medical applications. 11 Summary This chapter began by introducing the reader to metallic materials and described some of their distinguishing properties due to the nature of the metallic bond.
Biomaterials, artificial organs and tissue engineering by Larry L. Hench, Julian R. Jones