By Karen Birch, Keith George, Don McLaren
Instant Notes in game and workout body structure looks on the key subject matters in workout body structure and examines how all of the physiological structures responds to acute and protracted workout. in addition to reviewing precise issues comparable to foodstuff, altitude, temperature, and ergogenic acids, it assesses the significance of workout to overall healthiness and caliber of existence and considers the significance of workout to adults, little ones and the aged.
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Additional info for BIOS Instant Notes in Sport and Exercise Physiology
To find out the energy content it is necessary to multiply the fat mass in grams by 9 or 38 to get values in kcal or kJ. Such a calculation shows that the energy content is 94500 kcal or 399000 kJ, a plentiful supply of energy. Even in those athletes with extremely low body fat % such as elite male road cyclists with values around 5% body fat, there is sufficient energy to undertake extremely prolonged exercise. Protein The major stores of metabolic protein are muscles. Of course proteins include all enzymes, peptide hormones, molecules such as hemoglobin and myoglobin, and are an integral part of all membranes.
6 presents an overview of aerobic processes. For further details on the biochemistry of these processes you would be advised to consult Instant Notes in Biochemistry. Fig. 6. Schematic to show aerobic processes. B2 RATES OF ENERGY PRODUCTION Section B – Bioenergetics for movement Rate of ATP production and power The maximal rate of ATP production is related to the power developed during a bout of exercise and is dependent on the maximal rates of ATP utilized by the muscle. e. ATP, PCr, breakdown of muscle glycogen rapidly resulting in lactic acid formation, and the aerobic oxidation of carbohydrates and fats.
The fluid enclosed within the cell by the sarcolemma is termed the sarcoplasm, and this contains fuel sources such as lipids and glycogen, organelles such as the cell nuclei and mitochondria, and the enzymes and contractile proteins required for muscle contraction. Myofibrils Also contained within the sarcoplasm are the myofibrils. These are cylindrical structures, approximately 1–2 µm in diameter that run longitudinally through the muscle fiber. Each muscle fiber can contain several hundred to several thousand myofibrils.
BIOS Instant Notes in Sport and Exercise Physiology by Karen Birch, Keith George, Don McLaren