By Ramesh Chander Kuhad, Ajay Singh
Various kinds of secondary agriculture and forestry wastes symbolize helpful source fabrics for constructing trade strength as biofuels and different price additional items akin to sugars, phenols, furans, natural acids, enzymes and digestible animal feed and so on. although, if no longer controlled safely, waste materials and environmental contaminants generated through a variety of industries akin to nutrition and feed, pulp and paper and cloth could lead on to critical environmental toxins. The power, foodstuff and feed call for necessitate constructing easy and economically possible applied sciences for environmental administration and source restoration. Microorganisms and their enzymes give a contribution considerably in usage of plant residues, source restoration and finally in pollutants mitigation.
“Biotechnology for Environmental administration and source restoration” offers a complete evaluate of chosen examine subject matters in a compendium of sixteen chapters concerning environmental toxins regulate and constructing biotechnologies in agro-ecosystem administration and bioconversion of agro-residues (lignocellulosics) into biofuels, animal feed and paper and so forth. This booklet presents a important source for reference and textual content fabric to graduate and postgraduate scholars, researchers, scientists operating within the zone of microbiology, biotechnology, and environmental technology and engineering.
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Additional resources for Biotechnology for Environmental Management and Resource Recovery
1980). In spite of the positive feeding trials with ruminants, the production of fodder protein by S. pulverulentum (P. chrysosporium) was economically feasible only if the cost of alternative water purification is taken into account (Eriksson et al. 1990). C. Kuhad et al. Canada (Moo-Young et al. 1979). The process is based on the cellulolytic fungus Chaetomium cellulolyticum and utilizes agricultural residues such as straw, corn stoves, bagasse, and forestry residues such as wood sawdust and pulp mill sludges (Moo-Young et al.
Appl Environ Microbiol 55: 1165–1168 Aggelis G, Ehaliotis C, Nerud F, Stoychev I, Lyberatos G, Zervakis G (2002) Evaluation of white-rot fungi for detoxification and decolorization of effluents from the green olive debittering process. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 59:353–360 Agosin E, Monties B, Odier E (1985) Structural changes in wheat straw components during decay by lignindegrading white-rot fungi in relation to improvement of digestibility for ruminants. J Sci Food Agric 36:925–935 32 Aguirre F, Maldonado O, Rolz C, Menchu JF, Espinosa R, de Cabrera S (1976) Protein from waste: growing fungi on coffee waste.
However, the mechanism of selective degradation of lignin has not been elucidated. Thus, if selective lignin-degrading whiterot fungi are grown under optimized conditions and by manipulating the culture condition or lignin-degrading genes using modern molecular biological tools, it would be possible to tackle the feed problem round the corner of the world. Molecular Biology of Lignin Degradation Lignin depolymerization system constitutes multiple isozymes and corresponding genes of laccase, lignin peroxidase (LiP), manganesedependent peroxidase (MnP), and versatile peroxidases (Have and Teunissen 2001).
Biotechnology for Environmental Management and Resource Recovery by Ramesh Chander Kuhad, Ajay Singh