By Neville Maxwell
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Extra info for China's Road to Development
Despecialization thus was more than a method of industrial coordination and planning. It embraced relationships between industry and agriculture as well. Rural industry was developed in formerly completely agricultural areas, and was linked directly and closely to the technical needs and rhythms of agricultural production as well as the consumer needs of the rural population. 5 Some factories also grew their own food, or more frequently, arranged for family CHINA'S INDUSTRIALIZATION 33 dependents, usually women, to undertake agricultural production to meet local needs.
Part of that reality was to be cadres participating in labour. The reality of everyone doing a fair share, working hard, and gaining just rewards for their work with none unduly privileged was a potent antidote to self aggrandizement in this system. Moreover, participation in the plant had to be accompanied by a relatively equal distribution of income and living standards outside it, for without tangible evidence of equality both within the plant and in society, rhetoric about equality could easily become meaningless or counterproductive.
The 32 CHINA'S ROAD TO DEVELOPMENT central plan dealt with major enterprises and products needed for national development requiring supplies from all parts of the country and having a national market for production. The plan set specific targets for quantity, quality, profit and wages, and these targets were communicated to enterprises directly by way of local authorities, or were communicated to local authorities who then had the responsibility of assigning targets to specific enterprises of their own choosing.
China's Road to Development by Neville Maxwell