By Jonathan Pincus
This research examines styles of sophistication constitution, creation kinfolk and capital accumulation in 3 West Java villages. It explores the hidden assumptions underlying traditional theories of agrarian swap, and demonstrates the significance of sophistication constitution and sophistication strength in shaping styles of swap on the village point. subject matters contain the technique of measuring category differentiation, adjustments in labour marketplace associations and actual wages, and techniques of capital accumulation pursued through village elites.
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Additional resources for Class, Power, and Agrarian Change: Land and Labour in Rural West Java
It was hoped that the resurvey strategy would provide important information concerning changes in economic structure and production relations. As discussed below, however, these expectations were only partially fulfilled. Three villages were selected from the Subang district of West Java. 1 The same villages were also studied in the late 1970s as part of the Rural Dynamics Study carried out by the same organisation, and by Yujiro Hayami and Masao Kikuchi in preparation for their book Asian Village Economy at the Crossroads (1981).
During the first round of the survey two research assistants helped carry out interviews. Upon collating the results of these interviews, however, it soon became apparent that certain questions asked during the interviews were eliciting formulaic responses. In addition, cross-checks of answers involving interhousehold relationships showed that many responses were inconsistent: employers and employees failed to agree on Methodological Issues 27 duration of work and wages paid; lessors and lessees gave differing responses concerning contract terms, and so forth.
The presence of migrant farm labourers, including workers from the north coast of Central Java, was already common at this time. Some of these migrants settled permanently in North Subang and the surrounding villages. This process of rapid population growth was brought to an abrupt halt in the early 1960s, when repeated crop failures forced many local residents into migrant farm work, particularly in the Banten region. Such was the scarcity of food at this time that a parcel of rice fields could be purchased for as little as 20 kilograms of unhusked rice.
Class, Power, and Agrarian Change: Land and Labour in Rural West Java by Jonathan Pincus