Download PDF by Frederick Charles Copleston: Contemporary Philosophy: Studies of Logical Positivism and

By Frederick Charles Copleston

ISBN-10: 0826465072

ISBN-13: 9780826465078

Among them, the pursuits of Logical Positivism and Existentialism ruled philosophy in Europe for far of the twentieth century, and the effect they exerted can nonetheless be felt at the present time. during this e-book Frederick Copleston offers a close and aim advent to those hugely arguable components of contemporary proposal. initially written in 1956, and revised in 1972, it explores the paintings of the various most vital thinkers of the twentieth century, together with Ayer, Wittgenstein, Heidegger, Sartre and Camus. Written in a transparent and available variety, this e-book should still turn out beneficial to somebody searching for a normal creation to both of those influential philosophical activities.

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Additional resources for Contemporary Philosophy: Studies of Logical Positivism and Existentialism

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But at this point we move into a sphere of discussion which does not involve logical positivism as such. The challenge to the validity of metaphysical " inference " is not pecular to logical positivism; and a discussion of this challenge would carry one much too far afield. In conclusion, I should like to repeat what I have said before, that the strength of logical positivism lies in its empiricism. Owing to psychological and epistemological facts, the problem, for example, of the meaning of metaphysical language is a real problem; and it is just as well that it should be brought to the forefront.

If, then, all he means by causality is regular sequence, enabling us to predict, he is entitled to say that the principle of causality does not " apply " in this connection, provided that he has good reason for thinking that the unpredictability in question is one " of principle," whatever that may mean. This would not, in my opinion, in any way affect the metaphysical principle of causality, which, as such, has to do with existence rather than behaviour; but my point is that the claim of the phenomenalistic analysis of causality to be a fully adequate analysis may easily appear to gain support from empirical science.

The question immediately arises how " empirical verifiability " is to be understood. Let us suppose that I make the statement that God exists. I am then challenged to show that the statement is empirically verifiable, by deriving from it an observationstatement, that is, some statement which is empirically verifiable, at least in principle. " We can then see if there is in fact order in the world. It is to be noted that I am not suggesting that the statement that God exists implies logically the statement that there is order in the world.

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Contemporary Philosophy: Studies of Logical Positivism and Existentialism by Frederick Charles Copleston

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