Read e-book online Crude Interventions : the United States, oil and the new PDF

By Garry Leech

ISBN-10: 1848131259

ISBN-13: 9781848131255

First and foremost of the twenty first century, a brand new global affliction is rising during which battles over assets are enjoying an more and more well-liked position. the significance of oil to this photograph is underscored via the unilateral and militaristic overseas coverage of the world's biggest strength in its try and safe entry to this severe source. during this international context, oil-rich groups of the South are being drawn into struggles to shield their sovereignty, cultural integrity, human rights and threatened ecosystems.

Crude Interventions examines the army and monetary rules of the Bush management in oil-rich areas of the realm. extra accurately, it examines the socio-economic and human rights outcomes of those guidelines, in addition to these of modern US administrations and multinational strength businesses, for the peoples of oil generating countries within the worldwide South. With in basic terms 4 percentage of the world's inhabitants, the U.S. consumes 25 in keeping with cent of worldwide strength construction. This thirst for strength has performed an important function in deciding upon US international coverage in contemporary a long time. the will to safe entry to trustworthy provides of oil has performed an excellent extra widespread position in picking the overseas coverage of the govt. of George W. Bush than prior administrations.

By targeting the united states function in Iraq, valuable Asia, West Africa, Colombia and Venezuela, Crude Interventions makes obvious the connections among US strength pursuits, the warfare on terror, globalization, human rights abuses and different social injustices persisted by way of these peoples of the South cursed with an abundance of the world's such a lot wanted source.

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Ultimately, the strategy proposed by the State Department and oil companies prevailed and a new plan was developed that called for a state oil company and continued OPEC membership. The oil companies had little interest in undermining OPEC’s efforts at maintaining high oil prices because that would negatively affect their bottom lines. ’83 46 The potential profits for foreign energy companies promised to be enormous even without privatizing the oil sector. Under neo-liberal restructuring similar to that implemented in other oil-producing nations of the South, foreign oil companies could enter into production agreements under terms so favourable that privatization would not be necessary to ensure huge profits.

3 million loan as a reward for implementing neo-liberal reforms similar to those that the IMF itself had imposed on many countries of the South. 92 On 30 January 2005, Iraqis went to the polls to elect a new parliament, which would be responsible for drawing up the country’s new constitution. The elections did not go exactly as the Bush administration had intended. First, the legitimacy of the process was called into question by the fact that most of the country’s Sunni Arab population boycotted the election.

But after putting down the Shiite 24 uprising, Hussein dispatched his Republican Guard troops to the north to deal with the Kurds. The rebellion soon collapsed and 2 million Kurds fled to Iran and Turkey, fearful that Hussein would again use chemical weapons against them. When Hussein realized that US military forces amassed on Iraq’s borders were not going to intervene to protect the Kurds, the Iraqi military brutally repressed the Kurdish population. ’23 The United Nations decided to continue the sanctions regime imposed on Iraq even though its original objective, to end the occupation of Kuwait, had been achieved.

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Crude Interventions : the United States, oil and the new world (dis)order by Garry Leech

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