Download PDF by National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Deep Water: The Gulf Oil Disaster and the Future of Offshore

By National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling

ISBN-10: 0160873711

ISBN-13: 9780160873713

On April 20, 2010, the Macondo good blew out, costing the lives of eleven males, and starting a disaster that sank the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig and spilled approximately five million barrels of crude oil into the Gulf of Mexico. The spill disrupted a complete quarter s economic climate, broken fisheries and demanding habitats, and taken vividly to gentle the dangers of deepwater drilling for oil and gasoline the most recent frontier within the nationwide strength provide. quickly after, President Barack Obama appointed a seven-member fee to enquire the catastrophe, learn its reasons and results, and suggest the activities essential to reduce such dangers sooner or later. The fee s record deals the yankee public and policymakers alike the fullest account on hand of what occurred within the Gulf and why, and proposes activities alterations in corporation habit, reform of govt oversight, and investments in examine and expertise required as strikes ahead to satisfy the state s strength wishes.

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Extra resources for Deep Water: The Gulf Oil Disaster and the Future of Offshore Drilling

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Government lifted gasoline and fuel-oil rations. In the first five years after the war, Americans bought an astounding 14 million automobiles, increasing the number of cars in service to 40 million. 3 This booming demand for gasoline, coupled with growing use of home heating oil, vaulted petroleum ahead of coal as the leading source of energy in the United States. Early Technologies To meet soaring demand, oil firms embarked on a quest to find new reserves. The intrepid ones returned to the Gulf to drill on leases offered by Louisiana—and made use of wartime technologies and equipment.

Facilities engineering on production platforms was a novel concept. Platforms often had equipment squeezed or slapped together on the deck with little concern or foresight for worker safety. S. ” But the Offshore Operators Committee (representing leaseholders) persuaded regulators to dilute Order 5 to permit waivers on requirements for storm chokes. Significantly, the orders neither specified design criteria or detailed technical standards, nor did they impose any test requirements. ”25 Lax enforcement contributed to the lack of accountability.

3 This booming demand for gasoline, coupled with growing use of home heating oil, vaulted petroleum ahead of coal as the leading source of energy in the United States. Early Technologies To meet soaring demand, oil firms embarked on a quest to find new reserves. The intrepid ones returned to the Gulf to drill on leases offered by Louisiana—and made use of wartime technologies and equipment. Sonar and radio positioning developed for warfare at sea proved valuable for offshore exploration. 1: Timeline of Major Events History of Offshore Oil and Gas in the United States 1896 First offshore oil production in the United States—from wooden piers off Summerland, California 1938 First Gulf of Mexico discovery well in state waters; first free-standing production platform in the ocean—Creole field offshore Louisiana 1947 First well drilled from fixed platform offshore out-of-sight-of-land in Federal waters —Kermac 16 offshore Louisiana 1953 Submerged Lands Act & Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act 1954 First federal Outer Continental Shelf lease sale & Maiden voyage of the Mr.

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Deep Water: The Gulf Oil Disaster and the Future of Offshore Drilling by National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling


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