Get Drug Absorption Studies: In Situ, In Vitro and In Silico PDF

By Carsten Ehrhardt, Kwang-Jin Kim

ISBN-10: 0387749004

ISBN-13: 9780387749006

Within the final 15 years, numerous mobile- or tissue-based in vitro versions were brought into the biopharmaceutics area. those types mimic the several organic obstacles drug has to beat to ultimately achieve its aim organ/cell/receptor. those in vitro types were came across very valuable in not just characterising the permeability behaviour of substances molecules in epithelial and endothelial tissues, but in addition learning drug supply platforms for greater supply and more advantageous absorption. in comparison to the complicated in vivo scenario, in vitro types provide a quick, handy process with expense benefits so much of occasions. most significantly, they are often standardised and automatised to be acceptable to the high-throughput screening.Starting on the molecular point of reports, carrying on with with phone monolayer versions (both basic and telephone strains) and in situ suggestions as a last checking out layout, the ebook presents a pragmatic method of modern in vitro suggestions for drug absorption stories. furthermore, chapters on high-throughput assays, in vitro-in vivo correlation, bioinformatics and regulatory matters are coated, giving a accomplished evaluation of accessible versions and methods. in addition, an appendix comprised with a few sensible protocols is on hand on-line, up-to-date as wanted, may still turn out very worthy to use the suggestions on to the benchside.

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R. C. Scott, M. A. Corrigan, F. Smith, and H. Mason. The influence of skin structure on permeability: An intersite and interspecies comparison with hydrophilic penetrants. J. Invest. Dermatol. 96: 921–925 (1991). 68. P. Liu, A. S. Nightingale, and T. Kurihara-Bergstrom. Variation of human skin permeation in vitro: Ionic vs. neutral compounds. Int. J. Pharm. 90: 171–176 (1993). 69. P. W. Wertz, D. C. Swartzendruber, and C. A. Squier. Regional variation in the structure and permeability of oral mucosa and skin.

Clin. Pharm. Ther. 28: 465–469 (2003). Chapter 1 Models for Skin Absorption and Skin Toxicity Testing 44. L. Simonsen, A. Jorgensen, E. Benfeldt, and L. Groth. Differentiated in vivo skin penetration of salicylic compounds in hairless rats measured by cutaneous microdialysis. Eur. J. Pharm. Sci. 21: 379–388 (2004). 45. N. Leveque, S. Makki, J. Hadgraft, and P. Humbert. Comparison of Franz cells and microdialysis for assessing salicylic acid penetration through human skin. Int. J. Pharm. 269: 323–328 (2004).

Murratzu, M. Valoti, G. Sgaragli, and P. Corti. The single-pass perfused rabbit ear as a model for studying percutaneous absorption of clonazepam. I. General characteristics. Methods Find. Exp. Clin. Pharmacol. 14: 701–709 (1992). 53. J. H. Barker, F. Hammersen, I. Bondar, T. J. Galla, M. D. Menger, W. Gross, and K. Messmer. Direct monitoring of nutritive blood flow in a failing skin flap: The hairless mouse ear skin-flap model. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 84: 303–313 (1989). 54. N. Sekkat, Y. N. Kalia, and R.

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Drug Absorption Studies: In Situ, In Vitro and In Silico Models by Carsten Ehrhardt, Kwang-Jin Kim

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