By Charlie M. Shackleton, Ashok K. Pandey, Tamara Ticktin
There is becoming wisdom approximately and appreciation of the significance of Non-timber wooded area items (NTFPs) to rural livelihoods in constructing international locations, and to a lesser quantity, built nations. besides the fact that, there's additionally an assumption at the a part of policy-makers that any harvesting of untamed animal or plant items from the forests and different usual and transformed ecosystems has to be harmful to the long term viability of objective populations and species. This publication demanding situations this concept and indicates that whereas examples of such unfavourable affects definitely exist, there also are many examples of sustainable harvesting platforms for NTFPs.
The chapters assessment and current coherent and scientifically sound info and case experiences at the ecologically sustainable use of NTFPs. additionally they define a normal interdisciplinary method for assessing the sustainability of NTFP harvesting platforms at varied scales. a variety of case experiences is incorporated from Africa, Asia and South the USA, utilizing plant and animal items for meals, crafts, textiles, medicinal drugs and cosmetics.
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Additional resources for Ecological Sustainability for Non-timber Forest Products: Dynamics and Case Studies of Harvesting
Pp. , Smith D. E. (2007) ‘Links between local ecological knowledge and wealth in indigenous communities of Indonesia: implications for conservation of marine resources’, International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences 2, pp. B. M. and Shanley, P. (eds) Non-Timber Forest Products in the Global Context. Springer, Heidelberg. pp. H. J. ) IUCN, Amsterdam Delang, C. (2006) ‘Not just minor forest products: the economic rationale for the consumption of wild food plants by subsistence farmers’, Ecological Economics 59, pp.
The same applies to estimates of income (rather than NTFP quantities). For example, male household heads typically underestimate the income across all household members and activities by an average of 47% (Fisher et al. 2010), although it is not always clear if this is based on lack of information or a deliberate strategy in the interview situation. The extent of underestimation is inf luenced by the education level of the male head, the education level of other members of the household and the total number of working-age people in the household.
1 Factors affecting the potential for sustainable NTFP harvest. g. g. logging, land uses with NTFP livestock grazing, fire, harvest agriculture…) NTFP Uncontrolled Highly tended wild or management collection from wild; maintained open-access resource populations; farmed or domesticated; secure tenure Local ecological Harvest is a new Harvest is a historical knowledge activity, no LEK activity, highly developed yet detailed and sophisticated LEK systems exist Harvest: principles and methods Governance systems Insecure tenure, institutional arrangements are misfits for system, no monitoring or enforcement and enforcement (see Chapter 15) 35 Secure tenure, institutional arrangements fit with social–ecological system, effective monitoring and enforcement (see Chapter 15) invaded populations than in non-invaded populations (Ticktin et al.
Ecological Sustainability for Non-timber Forest Products: Dynamics and Case Studies of Harvesting by Charlie M. Shackleton, Ashok K. Pandey, Tamara Ticktin