By HENG, CHEN
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Additional resources for Environmental management in construction: a quantitative approach
1b are assorted into classes according to their coherence, and five classes are identified: governmental command-and-control regulations on ISO 14KsA&I (governmental regulations), applied environmental-friendly technology conditions in construction and management (technology conditions), competitive pressures from both domestic and foreign trades (competitive pressures), attitude towards cooperation with an EM-seeking enterprise on ISO 14KsA&I (cooperative attitude), and cost–benefit efficiency on ISO 14KsA&I (cost–benefit efficiency).
Plan decision-making model. The authors believe that the qualitative assessment and control method is useful because it can provide construction project managers with essential knowledge of how to limit environmental pollution to its minimum at pre-construction stage. However, the systematic approach presented here is a necessary complement to EM in construction, as it can be adopted to quantitatively measure the degree of pollution and hazards generated in any particular construction processes and construction projects, then to re-arrange and revise construction plans and schedules in order to reduce the level of pollution and hazards, and thereafter to support decision-making on environmental-conscious construction.
S. National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (Warren 1973), the embryonic concept of EM in construction was not formulated until the late 1970s, when the role of environmental inspector was introduced in the design and construction phases of projects. The environmental inspector, who plays the role of environmental monitor (Dodds and Sternberger 1992), is a specialist whose academic background or experience results in considerable understanding of environmental impacts and applicable control measures, and acts as an advisor to construction engineers on all matters of EM (Spivey 1974a,b; Henningson 1978).
Environmental management in construction: a quantitative approach by HENG, CHEN