By Willem Molle
The single entire textual content on hand for complex examine reference, this ebook brings a lot wanted readability to either the theoretical and functional elements of ecu intervention. Integrating either theoretical and sensible learn in a transparent and available constitution, masking financial, social and territorial matters ecu solidarity coverage presents a scientific view of some of the levels of the entire coverage cycle, taking a look intimately at: the evolution of the issues the layout of the coverage process the implementation in perform the review of results . An authoritative research of the issues and debates concerned, ecu harmony coverage is key interpreting for college kids, coverage makers, improvement employees and researchers operating in all points of ecu coverage.
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The single entire textual content on hand for complex learn reference, this booklet brings a lot wanted readability to either the theoretical and functional elements of ecu intervention. Integrating either theoretical and functional learn in a transparent and available constitution, masking monetary, social and territorial concerns eu solidarity coverage offers a scientific view of a number of the phases of the complete coverage cycle, taking a look intimately at: the evolution of the issues the layout of the coverage approach the implementation in perform the overview of results .
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Extra resources for European Cohesion Policy (Regions and Cities)
A. a. a. a. a. a. Notes: a Own calculations of the Theil entropy index based on data in Bairoch (1976). The higher the index the higher the disparity. b Based on data (average value of imports and exports) in Mitchell (1981). c Based on Messerlin and Becuwe (1986). 2). The table shows that disparities have gradually increased, notably up to 1913. The inter-war period (up to 1929) showed a slight decrease in disparity, which was due to the intermediate countries’ further catch-up and the stabilization of the relative wealth level of the Mediterranean countries.
G. the value of work that is done by housewives). Other elements are not included because they have escaped registration. That is the case for the so-called black, grey, shadow or underground economy. They comprise both illegal activities (such as drugs trade and prostitution), and legal activities that have not been reported to avoid taxes (fairly common in construction). The underground economy is much more important in low-income countries than in highly developed countries. Recent studies (Schneider, 2003) estimate that it was about 15 per cent in the countries of the North, 25 per cent in those of the South and 30 per cent in those of the East.
There are quite a few cases where such a light method is not sufficient to get to results. In those cases the legal instrument of the Regulation is used. With this instrument the EU defines in detail the joint efforts of the EU and the national governments in terms of targets, areas of intervention, intensity of support, etc. Next we will orient our attention to the problem of horizontal coordination where the different services of the EU have to make sure that their policies are consistent and reinforce each other.
European Cohesion Policy (Regions and Cities) by Willem Molle