By Bernard Funck
The eu Union stands proud as one of many areas of the area that has such a lot explicitly and intentionally tried to minimize local disparities inside of its club. How powerful this attempt has been is an issue of open debate. the present growth of the ecu Union (EU) to much less prosperous new individuals supplies upward thrust to a clean set of questions: How can the solidarity goal top be complex in a context the place preliminary source of revenue disparities will now be larger? Will the accession strategy reason the source of revenue of the poorer areas to converge in the direction of european criteria or, on the contrary, will triumphing disparities be exacerbated within the strategy? What, if something, can the hot participants do approximately this? What aid can they count on from the ecu structural cash, and the way should still the cash be utilized to maximise the harmony target? to respond to those questions, the area financial institution, the Bertelsmann starting place, and the CIDOB origin introduced jointly prime students, senior policy-makers, and practitioners from latest and new european member nations, in addition to representatives from the eu fee to a convention in Barcelona in October 2002. ecu Integration, neighborhood coverage, and development offers the result of those discussions.
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Additional info for European Integration, Regional Policy, and Growth
Luxembourg: European Commission. Neven, Damien, and Claudine Gouyette. 1995. ” Journal of Common Market Studies 33:47–65. Overman, Henry, and Diego Puga. 2002. ” Economic Policy: A European Forum. 34:115–43. Puga, Diego. 2002. ” Journal of Economic Geography 2(4):373–406. CHAPTER 3 Regional Policies and EU Enlargement Michele Boldrin and Fabio Canova The European Union (EU) is moving toward the sixth enlargement of its history. The process started in 1988, when the first Trade and Cooperation Agreement was signed with Hungary; took its main turn with the 1993 European Council of Copenhagen; and is supposed to come to its first completion with the Intergovernmental Conference of 2004.
35 percent of the funding for the Structural Funds on • cross-border, transnational, and interregional cooperation (Interreg III); • sustainable development of cities and declining urban areas (Urban II); • rural development through local initiatives (Leader ؉); and • combating inequalities and discrimination in access to the labor market (Equal). 5 percent). 51 percent). The structural funds finance multiyear programs that constitute development strategies drawn up in a partnership associating the regions, the member states, and 16 EUROPEAN INTEGRATION, REGIONAL POLICY, AND GROWTH the European Commission, taking into account guidelines laid down by the Commission that apply throughout the Union.
1995. ” Journal of International Economics 39:335–51. , and Henry Overman. 2002. ” Economic Policy (October). Midelfart-Knarvik, K. , H. Overman, S. Reading, and A. Venables. 2000. The Location of European Industry. Economic Papers 142. Luxembourg: European Commission. Neven, Damien, and Claudine Gouyette. 1995. ” Journal of Common Market Studies 33:47–65. Overman, Henry, and Diego Puga. 2002. ” Economic Policy: A European Forum. 34:115–43. Puga, Diego. 2002. ” Journal of Economic Geography 2(4):373–406.
European Integration, Regional Policy, and Growth by Bernard Funck