Get Evolutionary Biology: Biodiversification from Genotype to PDF

By Pierre Pontarotti

ISBN-10: 3319199315

ISBN-13: 9783319199313

ISBN-10: 3319199323

ISBN-13: 9783319199320

This ebook offers 20 chosen contributions to the 18th Evolutionary Biology assembly, which came about in September 2014 in Marseille. they're grouped below the next significant themes:

· Genotype to Phenotype

· Genetic Mechanisms of Diversification

· Evolutionary Mechanisms

· Speciation and Biodiversity

The goals of those annual conferences in Marseille are to assemble best evolutionary biologists and different scientists who hire evolutionary biology options, e.g. for clinical study, and to advertise the trade of rules and inspire interdisciplinary collaborations.

Offering an up to date evaluate of contemporary advances within the box of evolutionary biology, this e-book represents a useful resource of data for scientists, academics and complex students.

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Extra resources for Evolutionary Biology: Biodiversification from Genotype to Phenotype

Example text

Heliocentrism is based on the fact that the Sun is at the (gravitational and electromagnetic) ‘power centre’ of the planetary system—thus on the fact that the causal (gravitational and electromagnetic) constraints from the Sun on the planets are significantly stronger than the other way around. g. gravitational or electromagnetic) change in the state of the Sun may cause a change in the state of the planets, but a change in the state of a planet is less likely to cause a change in the state of the Sun.

E. g. Muller 1922, 1966; Schrödinger 1944; Dawkins 1976) catalysed the development of methodologically gene-centred disciplines such as population genetics, molecular genetics and gene-selectionism. The idea of the gene/genome as the ‘central (re)source’ of order in cells and organisms (ontological gene-centrism) can be traced back to August Weismann’s thesis—later dubbed the ‘Weismann barrier’—which stated that structural specifications or instructions can be transferred from germ-plasm to soma-plasm but not the other way around (Weismann 1889, 1893, 1904) (for more details, see Mayr 1982; Gould 2002; Haig 2007; Tanghe 2013; De Tiège et al.

The number of offspring produced favoured males with rare colour patterns. This indicates that male colour polymorphisms are maintained by balancing selection, something that is theoretically known to be able to maintain variation. The mechanism favouring the preference for rare males is not known. Colour polymorphism in guppies has been the subject of QTL mapping in a cross of two distinct populations (Tripathi et al. 2009). The authors mapped 12 aspects of male colouration and found between two and eleven QTL per trait.

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Evolutionary Biology: Biodiversification from Genotype to Phenotype by Pierre Pontarotti

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