Download e-book for kindle: Existentialism: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short by Thomas R. Flynn

By Thomas R. Flynn

ISBN-10: 0192804286

ISBN-13: 9780192804280

One of many top philosophical events of the 20 th century, existentialism has had extra impression on literature and the humanities than the other institution of suggestion. targeting the top figures of existentialism, together with Sartre, Nietzsche, Heidegger, Kierkegaard, de Beauvoir, Merleau-Ponty, and Camus, Thomas Flynn deals a concise account of existentialism, explaining the most important subject matters of individuality, loose will, and private accountability, which marked the stream as a life-style, not only a manner of thinking.

Flynn units the philosophy of existentialism in context, from the early phenomenologists, to its upward push within the 40's and 50's, and the connections with nationwide Socialism, Communism, and Feminism. He identifies the unique definition of "existentialism," which has a tendency to be obscured through misappropriation, and highlights how the philosophy remains to be appropriate in our global this present day.

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Extra info for Existentialism: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)

Example text

It becomes a substitute for money and so adopts the usefulness of money, marking another kind of relation, that of verwenden, to apply or put to use. The possibility of such a turning to a particular use proves a distinguishing quality of the legal subject. For unlike the subsequent supposed unified subject, the legal subject participates in an era in which debts are consistently discharged. The debtor either pays with money or with something deemed exchangeable (das Wenden) for money, in other words, excruciating pain.

Indeed, the legitimacy of such an ideal metaphor could scarcely be maintained in the context of Nietzsche’s critique of moral values. It seems that no value, whether positive or negative attaches absolutely to an item, for Nietzsche. The value of any item appears instead to emerge, transform or dissolve according to the item’s context and the evaluator’s perspective. By symbolically feminine body, then, I mean those images and tropes (irrespective of the value we may attach to them now), which have traditionally shaped, in part, women’s value and status in modern AngloEuropean culture.

One can taste Nietzsche’s genealogical mixture along the way until it yields a combination so cold it burns and leaves an imprint of a Christian God on a numbed palate. This latter development, suggests Nietzsche, is stirred by a subject that views itself as a moral unity, a conscience that does not clear itself,23 and a penal custom that has become internal (guilt). Arguably for Nietzsche, the early meaning or the “taste” of the legal subject (Rechtssubjekte24) is influenced by its two complementary ingredients: forgetful mind25 and corporeal punishment.

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Existentialism: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions) by Thomas R. Flynn

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