By Leon S. Robertson
This article offers epidemiologic tools for learning accidents and comparing interventions to avoid them. It explains easy methods to formulate examine questions, the assets of trustworthy and legitimate facts, and the most suitable choice of analysis tools. The problems of utilizing charges and ratios to the review of courses are mentioned, and using fiscal thoughts and coverage research is roofed. It offers particular goals for learn within the a number of levels of damage regulate making plans and implementation, together with the kinds of knowledge had to succeed in the targets. This 3rd variation is totally up to date all through with new stories used as dialogue examples. The chapters were reorganised into extra unique subject components, for ease of reference.
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This article offers epidemiologic equipment for learning accidents and comparing interventions to avoid them. It explains tips to formulate learn questions, the assets of trustworthy and legitimate facts, and the best option of analysis tools. The problems of making use of premiums and ratios to the review of courses are mentioned, and using financial suggestions and coverage research is roofed.
Extra info for Injury Epidemiology: Research and Control Strategies
Copes WS, Champion HR, Sacco WJ, Lawnick MM, Gann DS, Gennarelli T, MacKenzie E, and Schwaitzberg S (1990) Progress in characterizing anatomic injury. J Trauma. 30:1200–1207. 40 INJURY EPIDEMIOLOGY Dunlop DD, Hughes SL, and Manheim LM (1997) Disabilty in activities of daily living: patterns of change and a hierarchy of disability. Am J Public Health. 87:378–383. Durbin DR, Localio AR, and MacKenzie EJ (2001) Validation of the ICD/AIS MAP for pediatric use. Inj Prev. 7:96–99. Guttman L (1946) An approach for quantifying paired comparisons and rank order.
First, large numbers of minor cuts, bruises, abrasions, and burns occur in circumstances that are substantially different from those of severe injuries (Rice and MacKenzie, 1989). Attempts to control the most frequent injuries will misdirect resources from the most severe and costly injuries. Second, including only hospitalized and fatal injuries remarkably reduces the cost of data collection. Data on location and how the injuries occurred has led to large reductions in fall, pedestrian, and vehicle-occupant injuries in the limited instances in which such data have been collected (chapter 7).
There is substantial potential for bias in such surveys due to unreliable memory, embarrassment regarding certain types of injury, and differences among people in perceptions of seriousness. The National Health Interview Survey sometimes includes a few questions about injuries in its ongoing random sample survey of the population. To be included, an injury must have received medical attention or required a day of restricted activity. In one such survey, the rate of these self-reported injuries among persons 65 years and older was 19 per 100, compared to 38 per 100 among those younger than 45 years (National Center for Health Statistics, 1986).
Injury Epidemiology: Research and Control Strategies by Leon S. Robertson