Download PDF by J. A. Coffeen: Interpreting Seismic Data

By J. A. Coffeen

ISBN-10: 0878142592

ISBN-13: 9780878142590

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Physical properties such as API gravity, elemental analysis, and composition fall short of giving an adequate definition. It is the properties of the bulk deposit and, most of all, the necessary recovery methods that form the basis of the definition of these materials. Only then is it possible to classify petroleum, heavy oil, and tar sand bitumen (Chapter 2). 7 Wax Naturally occurring wax, often referred to as mineral wax, occurs as a yellow to dark brown solid substance that is composed largely of paraffins (Wollrab and Streibl, 1969).

Fusion points vary from 60°C (140°F) to as high as 95°C (203°F). They are usually found associated with considerable mineral matter, as a filling in veins and fissures or as an interstitial material in porous rocks. The similarity in character of these native products is substantiated by the fact that, with minor exceptions where local names have prevailed, the original term ozokerite (ozocerite) has served without notable ambiguity for mineral wax deposits (Gruse and Stevens, 1960). , hydrocarbons) (Wollrab and Streibl, 1969).

Excavations have shown that the wooden piles were preserved from decay by coating with asphalt, and posts preserved in this manner have been found in Switzerland. There are also references to deposits of bitumen at Hit (the ancient town of Tuttul on the Euphrates River in Mesopotamia), and the bitumen from these deposits was transported to Babylon for use in construction (Herodotus, The Histories, Book I). There is also reference (Herodotus, The Histories, Book IV) to a Carthaginian story in which birds’ feathers smeared with pitch are used to recover gold dust from the waters of a lake.

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Interpreting Seismic Data by J. A. Coffeen


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