By Niraj K. Jha, Deming Chen
Nanoelectronic Circuit layout Edited by way of: Niraj okay. Jha Deming Chen This booklet is set large-scale digital circuits layout pushed by means of nanotechnology, the place nanotechnology is extensively outlined as development circuits utilizing nanoscale units which are both carried out with nanomaterials (e.g., nanowires, nanotubes or graphene) or following an unconventional process (e.g., FinFETs, quantum dots or resonant tunneling diodes). those nanoscale units have major strength to revolutionize the fabrication and integration of digital platforms and scale past the perceived scaling obstacles of conventional CMOS. whereas options in nanotechnology originate on the person equipment point, understanding the genuine impression of digital platforms calls for that those device-level features be translated into system-level merits. this can be the 1st ebook to target nanoscale circuits and their layout matters, bridging the prevailing hole among nanodevice study and nanosystem layout. •Covers layout, synthesis, meeting, fabrication, integration, fault tolerance and trying out of nanocircuits and nanosystems; •Focuses on state of the art examine, in addition to primary ideas; •Describes strength of nanoelectronic know-how and the original demanding situations it provides around the complete device-to-system process;
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QCA technology is based on the interaction of bi-stable QCA cells constructed from four quantum dots. The cell is charged with two free electrons, which are able to tunnel between adjacent dots. Due to their mutual electrostatic repulsion, the two electrons tend to occupy diagonal sites. Thus, there exist two equivalent arrangements of the two electrons in the QCA cell with minimal energy. These are shown in Fig. 23 . These two arrangements are denoted as cell polarization P ¼ þ1 and P ¼ À1.
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Nanoelectronic Circuit Design by Niraj K. Jha, Deming Chen