Download e-book for kindle: On Truth And Lie In A Nonmoral Sense by Friedrich Nietzsche

By Friedrich Nietzsche

"On fact and Lie in an Extra-Moral Sense") is an (initially) unpublished paintings of Friedrich Nietzsche written in 1873, twelve months after The start of Tragedy. It bargains principally with epistemological questions of fact and language, together with the formation of ideas. each be aware instantly turns into an idea, inasmuch because it isn't meant to function a reminder of the original and completely individualized unique event to which it owes its delivery, yet needs to while healthy innumerable, roughly related cases—which capacity, strictly conversing, by no means equal—in different phrases, loads of unequal circumstances. each idea originates via our equating what's unequal. based on Paul F. Glenn, Nietzsche is arguing that "concepts are metaphors which don't correspond to reality." even supposing all innovations are human innovations (created by way of universal contract to facilitate ease of communication), humans disregard this truth after inventing them, and are available to think that they're "true" and do correspond to truth. therefore Nietzsche argues that "truth" is admittedly: A cellular military of metaphors, metonyms, and anthropomorphisms—in brief, a sum of human family members that have been more suitable, transposed, and decorated poetically and rhetorically, and which after lengthy use look enterprise, canonical, and compulsory to a humans: truths are illusions approximately which one has forgotten that this is often what they're; metaphors that are tired and with no sensuous energy; cash that have misplaced their images and now topic merely as steel, not as cash. those principles approximately fact and its relation to human language were really influential between postmodern theorists, and "On fact and Lies in a Nonmoral feel" is likely one of the works so much answerable for Nietzsche's recognition (albeit a contentious one) as "the godfather of postmodernism."

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Example text

The intellect has now thrown the token of bondage from itself. At other times it endeavors, with gloomy officiousness, to show the way and to demonstrate the tools to a poor individual who covets existence; it is like a servant who goes in search of booty and prey for his master. But now it has become the master and it dares to wipe from its face the expression of indigence. In comparison with its previous conduct, everything that it now does bears the mark of dissimulation, just as that previous conduct did of distortion.

When every tree can suddenly speak as a nymph, when a god in the shape of a bull can drag away maidens, when even the goddess Athena herself is suddenly seen in the company of Peisastratus driving through the market place of Athens with a beautiful team of horses-and this is what the honest Athenian believed- then, as in a dream, anything is possible at each moment, and all of nature swarms around man as if it were nothing but a masquerade of the gods, who were merely amusing themselves by deceiving men in all these shapes.

All that conformity to law, which impresses us so much in the movement of the stars and in chemical processes, coincides at bottom with those properties which we bring to things. Thus it is we who impress ourselves in this way. In conjunction with this, it of course follows that the artistic process of metaphor formation with which every sensation begins in us already presupposes these forms and thus occurs within them. The only way in which the possibility of subsequently constructing a new conceptual edifice from metaphors themselves can be explained is by the firm persistence of these original forms That is to say, this conceptual edifice is an imitation of temporal, spatial, and numerical relationships in the domain of metaphor.

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On Truth And Lie In A Nonmoral Sense by Friedrich Nietzsche


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