By Institute of Medicine, Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Committee on Gulf War and Health: Literature Review of Pesticides and Solvents
Gulf struggle and well-being, quantity 2, is the second one in a sequence of congressionally-mandated experiences by means of the Institute of medication that offers a accomplished evaluate of the on hand clinical literature on strength overall healthiness results of publicity to sure organic, chemical, and environmental brokers linked to the Gulf warfare. during this moment examine, the committee evaluated the printed, peer-reviewed literature on publicity to pesticides and solvents notion to were current in the course of the 1990-1991 battle. simply because little info exists on real publicity degrees a serious issue while assessing well-being results the committee couldn't draw particular conclusions in regards to the illnesses of Gulf battle veterans. despite the fact that, the research came across a few facts, even if often constrained, to hyperlink particular long term overall healthiness results with publicity to definite pesticides and solvents. the following part of the sequence will study the literature on power wellbeing and fitness results linked to publicity to chose environmental pollution and particulates, resembling oil-well fires and jet fuels.
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Additional resources for Gulf War and Health: Volume 2. Insecticides and Solvents
After the ground war, an environmental-monitoring effort was initiated primarily because of concerns related to smoke from oil-well fires4, and modeling efforts related to sarin exposure continue; however, there is sparse information on other agents to which the troops may have been exposed. Consequently, exposure data on most of the chemical agents are lacking or incomplete. Various exposure-assessment tools (such as global positioning systems) are being used to fill gaps in exposure information, but reconstruction of exposure events can never be completely accurate.
The committee, in responding to its charge, reviewed the literature on the agents associated with service in the Gulf War; it did not review the totality of the war experience (including pre- and post-deployment). The committee looked exclusively at the putative agents as though each one were the only risk factor for adverse health effects. The committee recognizes, however, that it might be important to look at the totality of the experience of war and its stressors, as well as at specific biologic, chemical, and radiologic exposures.
The measure of association, known as the correlation coefficient (r), estimates the degree to which the exposure to the agent of concern is related to outcome in a linear fashion. An r value can range from –1 to +1 and indicate both the strength and the direction of the association. A positive value close to 1 indicates a strong relation of outcome to exposure; a negative value close to –1 signifies a strong inverse relation. Values close to 0 indicate little or no relation between exposure and outcome.
Gulf War and Health: Volume 2. Insecticides and Solvents by Institute of Medicine, Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Committee on Gulf War and Health: Literature Review of Pesticides and Solvents