By Lars Gulbrandsen
`This ebook offers a well timed contribution to either educational and coverage debates through analyzing the methods and mechanisms of the emergence and proliferation of non-state governance schemes, particularly evaluating woodland and fisheries certification. The empirical facts demanding situations traditional knowledge by means of displaying that political and public regulatory frameworks are crucial within the implementation of certification courses. this is often hugely suggested examining whilst discussing to what quantity - and the way - non-state transnational governance schemes can remedy the issues they have been meant for.' - Katarina Eckerberg, Ume?? collage, Sweden `Transnational Environmental Governance presents a entire and insightful research of the emergence and results of certification schemes as novel mechanisms of environmental policy-making past conventional intergovernmental cooperation. Gulbrandsen's multi-level learn can be hugely priceless for students, practitioners and graduate scholars who search to enhance their knowing of non-public rulemaking at either nationwide and international degrees. The booklet is extremely recommended.' - Frank Biermann, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands `A entire and hugely informative research of 2 of crucial examples of non-state governance mechanisms that experience emerged to handle the shortcomings of presidency environmental legislation. This book's theoretical framework and specified case-studies characterize an immense contribution to our knowing of the accomplishments and boundaries of certification courses to develop company social responsibility.' - David Vogel, college of California, Berkeley, US `Incisive and nuanced, Transnational Environmental Governance considerably advances our knowing of the ability of certification to persuade the environmental behaviour of agencies and shoppers. Lars Gulbrandsen's refined research leaves us with an cutting edge toolbox to provide an explanation for while and why voluntary certification courses be triumphant - or fail - to bolster environmental governance. it really is crucial studying for a person short of a extra actual technique to review the starting to be variety of non-state certification programs.' - Peter Dauvergne, collage of British Columbia, Canada lately quite a lot of non-state certification courses have emerged to deal with environmental and social difficulties linked to the extraction of typical assets. This booklet offers a basic analytical framework for assessing the emergence and effectiveness of voluntary certification courses. It makes a speciality of certification within the woodland and fisheries sectors, as tasks in those sectors are one of the such a lot complex instances of non-state usual surroundings and governance within the environmental realm. Paying specific consciousness to the wooded area Stewardship Council and the Marine Stewardship Council, the writer examines how certification projects emerged, the politics that underlie their improvement, their skill to steer manufacturer and customer habit, and the wider results in their formation and unfold. The research of the certification of forests and fisheries bargains a wealth of insights from which to higher comprehend the potential of non-state governance courses to ameliorate worldwide environmental difficulties. Containing a close overview of the direct results and broader effects of woodland and fisheries certification, this e-book can be warmly welcomed by way of students of environmental politics and company social accountability, in addition to practitioners occupied with non-state certification courses during the international.
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Extra info for Transnational Environmental Governance: The Emergence and Effects of the Certification of Forests and Fisheries
2008). Accordingly, standards secure advantages for certain producers and disadvantages for others, and stringent standards may be tailored to enhance the competitive advantages of first movers. To summarize, I do not expect to find a simple relationship between stringency and effectiveness. On the one hand, stringent standards may direct producers’ behavior and force them to undertake reforms they otherwise would not pursue; on the other hand, there may be an inverse relationship between stringency and producer participation and, likewise, between stringency and compliance.
1999), or more indirectly by expressing moral support for the institutions (Boström 2003). Government support could enhance the credibility of private schemes and strengthen perceptions that pursuing the certification track is appropriate action for environmentally concerned companies. Second, governments could facilitate market acceptance of certification and labeling schemes through public procurement policies. Of course, if governments favor one certification scheme over another in public procurement policies, it would be a strong signal to firms considering various options.
Industry structure The effect of NGO targeting is likely to vary among industries and countries. The size, ownership and export dependence of an operation are likely to affect its vulnerability to NGO targeting (Cashore et al. 2004). Because of their public and market exposure, large, vertically integrated forest companies involved in timber extraction, processing and sales are more likely to succumb to pressure to certify than are small forest owners. Furthermore, economies of scale render it less costly for large companies to adopt certification standards, prepare for certification processes and respond to certification audits.
Transnational Environmental Governance: The Emergence and Effects of the Certification of Forests and Fisheries by Lars Gulbrandsen